SERC TALKS: “How Do We Make Sure That Future Cyber-Physical Systems Are Human Centered, and in Particular, Trustworthy?"
Speaker: Dr. Martin Törngren, Professor, Embedded Control Systems, KTH Royal Institute of Technology
Abstract: Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) - as integrations of computation, networking and physical processes - are becoming smarter, more automated, connected, upgradeable and collaborative. CPS provide a vast number of opportunities for innovation, and may for example help to address many of UN Sustainable Development Goals. Both technology and sustainability thus strongly require industrial transformation. At the same time, the development and life-cycle managmement of future CPS clearly push and challenge the boundaries of existing engineering methodologies and socio-technical frameworks; the unprecedented capabilities also represent unprecedented complexity.
Trustworthiness in particular means that the complexity of CPS needs to be manageable and that known challenges – such as the automation paradox, newer challenges – such as failure modes of AI and deep learning systems, and expanding challenges – such as those related to cyber-security and safety of open world systems, are understood and properly handled. This talk will provide the following perspectives to human centered CPS.
– trends and capabilities of future CPS, drawing upon lessons learnt from previous technological shifts,
– a complexity analysis of CPS, used to highlight bottlenecks in current (systems) engineering practices,
– directions towards trustworthy and circular CPS, including automated driving and edge computing will be taken as technological case studies for illustrative purposes.